References

MARIJUANA FACTCHECK REVIEWS AND TRACKS VERIFIABLE RESOURCES VIA THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA:

  • Thorough and significant studies
  • Trustworthy sources: leading institutions, recognized experts and peer-reviewed journal articles
  • As current as possible, conducted within at least the last five years
  • Appropriate sample size, random controls and generalizable data
  • Avoidance of biased sources, out of context reviews or selectively chosen data
  • Transparency about funding and affiliations
  • Considers compiled results of relevant meta-analyses
  • Recognizes limitations that require further study

What's Legal in California?
See www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/DO/letstalkcannabis/Pages/legal.aspx

 
Arria, A. M., Caldeira, K. M., Bugbee, B. A., Vincent, K. B., & O’Grady, K. E. (2015). The academic consequences of marijuana use during college. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29(3), 564.

CBS News. “Juul CEO Tells Non-Smokers Not to Vape or Use His Company's Product.” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 29 Aug. 2019, www.cbsnews.com/news/juul-ceo-kevin-burns-tells-non-smokers-not-to-vape-or-use-his-companys-product.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Outbreak of Lung Illness Associated with Using E-cigarette Products." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Smoking & Tobacco Use, 6 Sept. 2019, https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html.

Gertson, L. (2016). What the Science Says About Adolescent Use of Cannabis. Ventura County Behavioral Health.

Jackson, N. J., Isen, J. D., Khoddam, R., Irons, D., Tuvblad, C., Iacono, W. G., ... & Baker, L. A. (2016). Impact of adolescent marijuana use on intelligence: Results from two longitudinal twin studies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(5), E500-E508.

Jacobus, J., & F Tapert, S. (2014). Effects of cannabis on the adolescent brain. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 20(13), 2186-2193.

Jensen, R. P., Luo, W., Pankow, J. F., Strongin, R. M., & Peyton, D. H. (2015). Hidden formaldehyde in e-cigarette aerosols. New England Journal of Medicine, 372(4), 392-394.

Join Together. Marijuana Edibles Linked to Two Deaths, Increased ER Visits in Colorado. Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. N.p., 24 Apr. 2014. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

Kim, Howard S., et al. (2015). Cyclic vomiting presentations following marijuana liberalization in Colorado. Academic Emergency Medicine 22.6 (2015): 694-699.

Kowitt SD, Osman A, Meernik C, et al., Vaping cannabis among adolescents: prevalence and associations with tobacco use from a cross-sectional study in the USA. BMJ Open 2019;9:e028535. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028535

Learn About Marijuana WA. Factsheets: Potency of Cannabis. Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

Lisdahl, Krista M., Natasha E. Wright, Christopher Medina-Kirchner, Kristin E. Maple, and Skyler Shollenbarger. Considering Cannabis: The Effects of Regular Cannabis Use on Neurocognition in Adolescents and Young Adults. Current Addiction Reports 1.2 (2014): 144-56. Web.

Marijuana's Impact on California. (2016). California High Intensity Drug Trafficking Report. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

McCaffrey, D. F., Liccardo Pacula, R., Han, B., & Ellickson, P. (2010). Marijuana use and high school dropout: the influence of unobservables. Health Economics, 19(11), 1281-1299.

Meier, M. H., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Keefe, R. S., ... & Moffitt, T. E. (2012). Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(40), E2657-E2664.

MPI (2016). Warning: Marijuana/Cannabis Food Products. Marijuana Prevention Initiative San Diego County. MPI San Diego. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, 17 Dec. 2018, www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2018/12/teens-using-vaping-devices-in-record-numbers. Accessed 30 Aug. 2019.

National Institute on Drug Abuse Blog Team. Marijuana “Edibles” Make Candy Complicated. Retrieved from https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/marijuana-edibles-make-candy-complicated on November 22, 2016.

NIDA. (2018) Electronic Cigarettes (E-cigarettes). Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/electronic-cigarettes-e-cigarettes.

NIDA (2016). Regular Marijuana Use Is Associated With Differences in Brain Gray Matter and Connectivity. Retrieved October 10, 2016, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/nida-notes/2016/09/regular-marijuana-use-associated-differences-in-brain-gray-matter-connectivity.

NIDA (2016). Is Dabbing Dangerous? Retrieved November 23, 2016 from https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/dabbing-dangerous.

Olmedo, Pablo, et al. (2018). Metal Concentrations in e-Cigarette Liquid and Aerosol Samples: The Contribution of Metallic Coils. Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 126, no. 2, 2018, p. 027010, doi:10.1289/ehp2175.

Rollins, J. A. (2014). Pot for tots: Children and medical marijuana. Pediatric Nursing, 40(2), 59-60.

Silins, E., Horwood, L. J., Patton, G. C., Fergusson, D. M., Olsson, C. A., Hutchinson, D. M., ... & Coffey, C. (2014). Young adult sequelae of adolescent cannabis use: an integrative analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry, 1(4), 286-293.

Tamm, L., Epstein, J. N., Lisdahl, K. M., Molina, B., Tapert, S., Hinshaw, S. P., ... & Group, M. N. (2013). Impact of ADHD and cannabis use on executive functioning in young adults. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 133(2), 607-614.

Tapert, S. F., Schweinsburg, A. D., & Brown, S. A. (2008). The influence of marijuana use on neurocognitive functioning in adolescents. Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 1(1), 99-111.

Trivers, Katrina F., et al. (2018). Prevalence of Cannabis Use in Electronic Cigarettes Among US Youth. JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 172, no. 11, 2018, p. 1097, doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1920.

Ventura County, CA (2014). Marijuana in Ventura County: A Gateway for Discussion. Second edition. Ventura County Behavioral Health.

Wang, George Sam, et al. (2016). Unintentional pediatric exposures to marijuana in Colorado, 2009-2015. JAMA Pediatrics 170.9 (2016): e160971-e160971.

Zwerling C, Ryan J, Orav E. The efficacy of preemployment drug screening for marijuana and cocaine in predicting employment outcome. JAMA. 1990;264(20):2639-2643.